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Friday, August 15, 2014

Obesity "excess body fat" overview

OBESITY OVERVIEW

obesity in america overview
Obesity (or excess body fat) is increasing instead of decreasing in spite of all the diet books, weight loss centers and efforts of health professionals. According to my experience as a doctor and also reported from independent diet reviews published in the medical journals, these popular diets are low calorie diets, where people may lose “weight” in the beginning, but eventually they regain the weight that they lost, and can be worse off than when they started.

WHAT IS OBESITY? 

Obesity for women is when body fat is more than 30% to total body weight. Obesity is excess body fat, regardless of your body weight. So body weight alone is not always enough to know if you are obese or not. You can have normal body weight and be obese. Or you can have excess body weight and be obese.

Those popular one-size-fits-all, low calorie diets can cause metabolic damage caused from improper low calorie nutrition plans, and can be deficient in essential nutrients. Low calorie dieting may result in undesirable weight loss which includes reducing precious lean body mass (muscle, bones), and can reduce your body’s calorie burning rate. At the same time low calorie dieting can cause hormonal imbalances and make your body prone to storing more body fat in the long run.

Obesity = Excess Body Fat

Obesity is a condition of having excess body fat, and starts for some people at just

You can begin to understand now why these low calorie diets end up doing more harm than good and are causing an epidemic I identified and refer to as LOW CALORIE DIETER’S SYNDROME

Many popular fad diets usually consist of a structured diet plan that is too low in calories, and not personalized to meet a person’s specific needs. For example, people of all sizes, gender, and ages start using the same low calorie diet plan. When the calorie intake is too low, this sends the brain a message to lower the body’s calorie burning rate, that is, how many calories it uses each day. For example, the body may have started out burning 2,500 calories per day, or 3,500 calories per day prior to dieting, and so on, but after eating a low calorie diet of 1,600, 1,400, 1,200, or 1,000 for example, the body lowers its calorie burning rate.
What do you think happens when a person returns to regular eating? Their body now gains fat faster because the number of calories they use for energy was reduced from the low calorie diet, causing low calorie dieter’s syndrome.

But there are more problems that can occur from this condition. These low calorie diets can also cause a person to lose lean body weight, which includes muscle and bone. This is medically unhealthy, and should be avoided. In fact from a medical perspective, these low calorie diets are actually causing people to experience premature muscle loss and bone loss, which is similar to the poor lifestyle and aging related muscle loss called sarcopenia, and age related bone loss called osteoporosis. In addition to obesity being on the rise, these two nutrition and lifestyle related diseases are also on the rise, which could be due in part to the millions of people each year following low calorie diets that are not right for them, and developing low calorie dieter’s syndrome, which includes unhealthy loss of lean body mass and reduced metabolic rate.

Are There Different Types Of Body Fats?

Yes essentially there are three types of fats in the body:
  • Subcutaneous Body Fat (fat under the skin, breast, buttocks. This type of fat does not increase disease risk);
  • Visceral Body Fat (fat around the abdomen inside the body invading or surrounding our internal organs, such as liver, kidney and heart. This type of fat increases the risk of developing chronic diseases like heart disease, type-2 diabetes, high blood pressure and caner.);
  • Brown Body Fat (fat inside the body, but not effecting the internal organs, and it is involved in burning 10% of the body’s calories per day (called thermogenesis).
When you measure your waist circumference you are getting information about your visceral body fat.

Making the One-Size-Fits- AII Low Calorie Weight Loss Diets Obsolete

The one-size-fits-all popular weight loss diet approaches just seem not to be working for most people, based on my experience working with thousands of patients and from what other doctors are reporting in the medical journals. This is why so many people are destined to a lifetime of repeat dieting, followed by repeat weight gain, after trying one of the one-size-fits-all low calorie weight loss plans.

Tragically, the story is the same, over and over again. Someone who wants to lose weight takes it upon themselves to pick one of these one-size-fits-all low calorie diets, which lowers their metabolic rate. Then, they eventually give up, gain back the weight, and end up suffering the health consequences of excess body fat, poor diet, and inadequate exercise. This low calorie dieting actually slows down the body’s calorie burning capacity, based on my research and corroborated by a Columbia university study.

Low Calorie Syndrome Hormonal Imbalances

The problems low calorie diets are causing can fill a book of its own. As you will learn there are also certain hormonal imbalances that occur with excess body fat and low calorie dieter’s syndrome.

These hormonal imbalances include hormones such as, leptin, ghrelin, adiponectin, insulin, and cortisol for example. An effective fat loss nutrition and exercise program must be individualized to help to correct these hormonal imbalances. When hormones are in balance you have better appetite control, improved metabolism, and improve the body’s ability to lose excess body fat. An important first step for health professionals is to identify these hormonal imbalances. The Body-Profile Type evaluation is an approach I developed that is designed to do this.

Personalized, Proper Exercise Is Important

Another common problem with the low calorie popular weight loss approaches is the exercise factor. Most of these one-size-fits-all low calorie diets don’t have an exercise program, or just include general exercise guidelines to make their approach seem more credible. But, guess what, they follow the same one-size-fits-all exercise approach, as they do with their low calorie diet approach. As you will learn in this book, following the wrong exercise program can actually be unhealthy for you and sometimes even interfere with losing excess body fat. Just as with a fat loss nutrition program, the fat loss exercise program has to be personalized based on the person’s Body-Profile Type analysis.

Then, there is a variety of exercise programs for weight loss that lack an appropriate, personalized nutrition program. From my experience I have found that many of the popular exercise approaches are erroneously applied to people with excess body fat, mistakenly using a one-size-fits-all approach. People with excess body fat require a different exercise starting

There are obese people who over-eat and over-exercise. The following descriptions will help to put these terms into perspective.
  • Over-eating means more than 3000 calories per day.
  • Under-eating means less than 1,800 calories per day.
  • Over-exercising means more than 45 minutes of cardiovascular or resistive exercise per day.
  • Under-exercising means less than 30 minutes of cardiovascular exercise per day and no resistive exercise.
So, just from a quick look at these factors, this demonstrates how the numerous weight loss books do not present the complete picture of the obesity treatment problem, so how can they ever be expected to be a solution? They do not address individual needs of a diet and exercise weight loss program, they are all merely one-size-fits-all approaches that coincidentally may work for some people and may not work for others in the short-term, but overall do not work for most people in the long-term.

Determining Key Individual Factors is Essential for Medically Correct Weight Loss Success

Like our finger prints differ from each other, our genes’ activity, hormonal activities and basal metabolism are different too. We all have different gene activities (obesity or thinness genes active or inactive), different baseline basal body metabolism (some of us burn more calories at rest) and different hormonal imbalances and different body fat distribution (apple shape, pear shape). Then there are gender differences where women have more leptin resistance and they have more pear shape of body, and men have more insulin resistance and they have more apple shape of body. This is why it is an essentially important step to go through the Body-Profile Type evaluation process.

resulted in weight loss without physical activity. This is not the best way to approach weight loss; it underscores the fact that when caloric intake is reduced low enough, weight loss occurs. However, there are severe implications to this low calorie dieting as presented herein.

We additionally know from studying nutrition and exercise habits of people from other parts of the world that the macronutrient (carbohydrate, protein and fat) content of the food does not make a significant difference in terms of weight loss or weight gain. For example third world countries being on high carbohydrate diets have no obesity problems and France, as a developed country having a high fat diet, has no obesity problem. These lean body countries have higher physical activity level and balanced caloric intake in common. In France average person walks 7.2 miles per day, and in US the average person walks 3.2 miles per day. lile this research is insightful, from my research I have determined that the right nutrient composition based on the individual's Body-Profile Type, and individualized exercise program, will work best for causing optimal body fat loss. In other words, people can experience quality weight loss; targeting fat loss, maintaining or building lean body mass, promoting hormonal balance, and maintaining health, with properly balanced food intake.

The many popular one-size-fits-all diet books, USDAfood guide pyramid guidelines, and even professional dietitian group's guidelines do not take into account the Body-Profile Type factors, such as, body composition, genetics, hormonal & metabolic, and behavioral differences among dieters. In fact, there are actually different types of obese people.

Not everyone is obese the same way, and not everyone is obese for the same reasons.

There are obese people who under-eat and under-exercise. There are obese people who under-eat and over-exercise. There are obese people who over-eat and under-exercise.

Using this 10% rule estimate is a big mistake too, as many people who weigh less than 180 pounds would be adversely affected from being on a low calorie diet. I have determined that the 1,800 calories absolute minimum holds true for all adults, and this represents a minimum daily intake goal that must be achieved during weight loss and weight maintenance.

Yes, there are many people, usually victims of low calorie dieting, who have low calorie dieters syndrome, and are burning less than 1,800 calories per day. But, instead of jumping back on the low calorie dieter’s rollercoaster ride, they need to have their low metabolic rate and hormonal imbalances corrected. The Body-Profile Type Approach is designed to do this, and is based on my discoveries about restoring the metabolic rate and hormonal balance.

So people with low calorie dieter’s syndrome and low metabolism will be pleased to know that they will not be starting out on a low calorie diet, like the ones they have tried in the past that ruined their metabolism and caused hormonal imbalances. They will be starting with a personalized Body-Profile Type Nutrition plan that is at least 1,800 calories per day. Then as their metabolism is restored (increased) and their hormonal imbalances are corrected, and their body is better at using fat for energy, they will eventually increase their total daily caloric intake, while losing body fat. So, with a restored metabolism, after losing excess body fat, then during weight maintenance, they will be able to eat normal amounts of food, to keep adequately nourished. For most people this will typically be between 2,000 to 2,600 calories per day, or even higher for bigger and more active people.

Regarding exercise, no existing diet book has proper exercise guidelines for hormonal correction that goes hand in hand with obesity treatment. The exercise instructions are like their low calorie diet recommendations, superficial, one-size-fits-all. For example, what happens to those obese people who are over-exercisers? If they are not losing the excess body fat do they need to exercise even more?

NO, that would be a huge mistake! Unfortunately, it’s a mistake that happens all too often.

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